Inserting equations in the HTML Editor
The Equation Editor is accessible within the HTML Editor, which enables users to insert mathematical and statistical equations into an HTML page. It supports the input of MathML and LaTeX, as well as a graphical editor where you can visually create equations. Depending on your org settings, you may not have access to all input methods.
MathML
MathML is a standard adopted by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). It uses XML to describe mathematical notation by capturing both its structure and content. This enables MathML to support visual display and assistive technology access.
As a standard, VU Collaborate stores and displays all equations in the MathML format, regardless of the format you use to enter equations. VU Collaborate uses MathJax JavaScript engine to display MathML equations. While Firefox enables MathJax to render math in native MathML, MathJax renders math as HTML and CSS in other browsers which currently do not support native MathML.
Go to http://www.mathjax.org to learn more about MathJax features.
Note: Versions 9.4.1 and higher of VU Collaborate only support MathML 3.0 markup. You might need to update existing equations if they were written using MathML 2.0 markup.
LaTeX
LaTeX is a typesetting system based on TeX. It provides a text syntax for complex mathematical formulae. VU Collaborate stores equations entered in LaTeX format as MathML to ensure consistency and accessibility.
Graphical Editor
The Graphical Editor is a Javabased application that features a tool bar equipped with a selection of buttons. This tool bar provides the necessary elements to construct your equations quickly and easily. Each button in the Equation Editor tool bar opens a palette of related mathematical symbols.
Review the following steps prior to using the Graphical Editor:
 Ensure that you have installed the latest version of your internet browser.
 Disable any software or browser settings that block popup windows.
 Install the most recent Java Runtime Environment (JRE) from Sun Microsystems Inc. (http://www.java.com/en/download/manual.jsp).
Palettes in the Graphical Editor
Icon  Name  Description 

Layout Palette 
Add a template for building equations. Use the Text box function to add text to your equation. 

Accents Palette 
Add Accents above text fields. 

Fences Palette 
Add Fences such as brackets and vertical bars around text fields. 

Trigonometry Palette 
Add a template for building Trigonometry equations. 

Calculus Palette 
Add a template for building Calculus equations. 

Matrices Palette 
Update or add Matrices to equations. 

Arrows Palette 
Update or add Arrows to equations. 

Operators Palette 
Update or add Operators to equations. 

Comparison Operators Palette 
Update or add Comparison Operators to equations. 

Set Theory Palette 
Update or add Set Theory Operators to equations. 

Logical Operators Palette 
Update or add Logical Operators to equations. 

Lowercase Greek Palette 
Update or add Lowercase Greek characters to equations. 

Uppercase Greek Palette 
Update or add Uppercase Greek characters to equations. 

Algebra Palette 
Add a template for building Algebra equations. 

Tools Palette 
Cut, Copy, Paste, Undo, Zoom in, and Zoom out. 
Keyboard shortcuts available in the Graphical Editor
 Use Ctrl + f to create a fraction.
 Use Ctrl + 9 to add round brackets.
 Use Ctrl + h to create superscript.
 Use Ctrl + j to create subscript.
 Use Ctrl + z to undo your last action.
 Use Ctrl + i to create an integral.
 Use Ctrl + > to enlarge text and Ctrl + < to shrink text.
Using the Equation Editor
Access the Equation Editor
In the HTML Editor, click the Insert Equation icon.
Create an equation
 Enter a Title for your equation.
 Choose the Math Format you want to use and click Apply. If you choose to switch formats, you must recreate your equation in the new format since the Equation Editor cannot convert your equation to another format.
 Enter your equation and click Insert.
Edit an equation
 Select the equation that you want to edit by clicking on the box with a capital sigma sign.
 Click Insert Equation.
 Make the changes you want to your equation. If you choose to switch formats, you must recreate your equation in the new format since the Equation Editor cannot convert your equation to another format.
 Click Insert to update your equation.
Delete an equation
 In the HTML Editor, click on the equation that you would like to delete.
 Press the Delete or Backspace key to remove the equation.