Copyright law gives the owner of text, photos, paintings, films and audio/visual recordings the rights to control reproduction, publication, communication, performance and adaptation of their work. Copyright is an important component of the creative-innovation process as it promotes new ideas through giving authors and creators a set of legal rights in relation to how their work may be used, acknowledged, and rewarded.
At Victoria University as part of the Copyright Act (1968) we have Statutory Licences that allow staff members to use copyright material for certain educational purposes. These compulsory licenses are issued by a national collection agency and are subject to the payment of an annual fixed royalty fee by Victoria University. We likewise have individual licences with major publishers allowing teaching staff to use certain copyrighted material on the libraries catalogue, particularly journal articles and ebooks. Allowances for copyright material for teaching apply to all aspects of the teaching process, including material placed on Learning Management Systems such as VU Collaborate.
Academic articles, reading lists and VU Collaborate
There are new opportunities for educators to make academic articles available to students through VU Collaborate. Articles may be linked to within a reading list, commented upon in forums, expanded upon through images and videos, and even—where permissible—uploaded as individual files to VU Collaborate. If the article was written by the lecturer, or is under a Creative Common Licence, then the article may be uploaded for students to download. However, if the article is copyrighted, then it cannot be uploaded to VU Collaborate as this is in breach of Victoria University’s licensing obligations.
The best way to make copyrighted articles available to students is simply by linking to a digital copy that may be available within a repository, or within VU Library’s eReserve database. Linking to an article does not breach copyright and if it is already available online or in a repository, then there is no need to reproduce it within VU Collaborate. However, if the article is not available in digital form, then you may request that VU Library digitise the article and place it on eReserve. Once the article is on eReserve, then it may be linked to from VU Collaborate.
VU’s royalty payment for copyright is paid annually, so it is in VU’s interests to remove the material when no longer required.
Using video and images in VU Collaborate
VU Collaborate also provides an easy and effective way to make available videos, images, audio, and recorded lectures so that students may view and listen to them in their own time. Videos may be available through YouTube or a related system; may be available as pre-recorded lectures on ReVU; or may be available through one of several organisations that produce collections of streaming videos for use by universities. The videos made available through these means may be linked to or embedded within VU Collaborate, but not uploaded and re-published as this is in breach of VU’s copyright obligations. If the video already exists, it is easier (and less time-consuming), to simply link to it or use VU Collaborate’s ‘embed’ feature to seamlessly embed it within the system.
There are also a number of excellent databases available where images may be sourced, but always check if they are copyright free (ie. under a Creative Commons license). Images available on the internet are usually copyrighted, thus cannot be reproduced in VU Collaborate. Google Images has an excellent function to allow users to search via licence such as ‘labelled for re-use’.
Further details on VU’s eReserve procedures are available here:
The rules for copying text and images (both electronic and hard copy) are given at: http://intranet.vu.edu.au/library/CopyrightForTeaching.asp
Victoria University’s Copyright policy (s 3.3 and s 4 relating to Procedures) states that third party copyright material hosted online must be centrally recorded. It is available here:
If you wish to search for copyright clear material try:
For Victoria University copyright enquiries:
firstname.lastname@example.org, or 9919 5958